Make your own free website on Tripod.com

VETERAN OF FOREIGN WARS

SOMALIA

Home
THE CROSS OF MALTA
MEMORIAL DAY...
ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS
"LEAST WE FORGET"
THE EVIL AXIS
THE FORGOTTEN WAR
THE VIET NAM WAR
THE CAMPAIGNS
THE BALKINS
THE GULF WAR DESERT STORM
THE USS COLE
SOMALIA
AFGHANISTAN
IRAQI FREEDOM
GREAT LINKS
GREAT LINKS II

usa3.gif

usarmy.gif

ani-airforce-flag-68x50.gif

mcflag.gif

usn.gif

uscg.gif

pennsylvania_md_clr.gif

flg_pow.gif

nato.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

som_flag.gif

mogo52f.jpg

500,000 Somalis dead from famine  fall of 1992 and hundreds of thousands more in danger of dying.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

20051254.jpg

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

180px-black_hawk_down_super64_over_mogadishu_coast.jpg

wfp085008.jpg.w180h135.jpg

Clan violence in Somalia interfered with international famine relief efforts, and President Bush sent American troops to protect relief workers in a new operation called Restore Hope. The U.S.-led coalition approved by the Security Council in December 1992 had a mandate of protecting humanitarian operations and creating a secure environment for eventual political reconciliation. At the same time, it had the authority to use all necessary means, including military force. A joint and multinational operation, Restore Hope--called UNITAF (unified task force)--was a U.S.-led, UN-sanctioned operation that included protection of humanitarian assistance and other peace-enforcement operations.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

706.jpg

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

somalia_pic.jpg

wfp083347.jpg

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

wfp084404.jpg

1.jpg

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

zinni2.jpg

 

Operation Gothic Serpent

On October 3, 1993, Task Force Ranger, a U.S. Special Operations Forces composed mainly of Rangers, Delta Force (1st SFOD-D) operators, and aviation support from the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment (Night Stalkers), attempted to capture Aidid's foreign minister, Omar Salad, and his top political advisor

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

black-hawk-down.jpg

lilmap7.gif

chap19.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

moga1.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

"If someone is coming to kill you, rise up early and kill him first." 

 Talmud

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

mog1.jpg

During the operation, two U.S. MH-60 helicopters were shot down by rocket propelled grenades (RPG), and three others were damaged. Some of the soldiers were able to evacuate wounded back to the compound, but others were trapped at the crash sites and cut off. An urban battle ensued throughout the night.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

_1762114_black_300.jpg

nato_4.jpg

180px-stryker_deployment.jpg

3.jpg.w300h216.jpg

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

When the rich wage war, it's the poor who die.

Jean-Paul Sartre

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

Early the next morning, a joint task force was sent to rescue the trapped troops. It contained soldiers from Pakistan, Malaysia, and U.S. soldiers of the 10th Mountain Division. They assembled some 60 vehicles, including Pakistani tanks, Malaysian Condor armored personnel carriers, and were supported by US A/MH-6 Little Bird and MH-60 helicopters. This task force reached the first crash site and led the trapped soldiers out. The second crash site was overrun; the lone surviving American was taken prisoner, but later released.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

mogadishu.jpg.w300h151.jpg

Elite units of the U.S. Army's Rangers and Delta Force were ambushed by Somali men, women, and children armed with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades. The Rangers were pinned down in the most dangerous part of Mogadishu, Somalia and taking casualties. What had started out as an operation to capture warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid—turned into a tragic firefight that lasted 17 hours

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

_1773466_somaliaheli150ap.jpg

The Battle of Mogadishu was fought between forces of the United States against Somalian guerrilla fighters loyal to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid on October 3 and 4, 1993 in the Black Sea district of Mogadishu, Somalia.

A squadron of US Army Special Forces, Army Rangers, 10th Mountain Division, US Navy SEALs, and Marines executed an operation that involved traveling from their compound on the outskirts of the city to capture leaders of Aidid's militia. The assault force was composed of nineteen aircraft, twelve vehicles and 160 men.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

160th_soar_insignia.gif

crest04.jpg

rgr_3bt.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

Figures are unknown, but American estimates are that approximately 1000 Somali militiamen and civilians lost their lives in the battle, with injuries to another 3000-4000. More definitely, 18 American soldiers died, and 73 were wounded (another American soldier was killed in a mortar attack a day later). One Malaysian soldier died, and seven were wounded; two Pakistanis were also wounded.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

purpleheart.gif

phmedal.gif

medalofhonor.gif

Killed on Oct. 3 and 4, 1993

US Personnell

Sgt. First Class Randy Shughart, a Delta soldier killed defending the crew of Super 64, the Medal of Honor.

Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, a Delta soldier killed defending the crew of Super 64, the Medal of Honor.

CWO Cliff Wolcott, pilot of Super 61, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star Medal, and the Air Medal with Valor Device ,

Night Stalkers CWO Donovan Briley, copilot of Super 61, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star and Air Medal with Valor Device,

Night Stalkers Staff Sgt. William Cleveland, a crew chief on Super 64, Silver Star, Bronze Star and Air Medal with Valor Device

 75th Rangers Staff Sgt. Thomas Field, a crew chief on Super 64, Silver Star, Bronze Star and Air Medal with Valor Device

purpleheart.gif

phmedal.gif

medalofhonor.gif

Delta ForceCWO Raymond Frank, copilot of Super 64, Silver Star, Air Medal with Valor Device

Night Stalkers Staff Sgt. Daniel Busch, who crashed on Super 61 and was killed defending the downed crew, the Silver Star

Sgt. Cornell Houston, who was killed fighting on the rescue convoy, the Bronze Star with Valor Device Sgt.

Casey Joyce, who was killed on the Lost Convoy, the Bronze Star with Valor Device, 75th Rangers Spec.

 James Cavaco, who was killed on the Lost Convoy, the Bronze Star with Valor Device,

75th Rangers Cpl. Jamie Smith, who bled to death with the pinned-down force around crash site one, the Bronze Star with Valor Device

purpleheart.gif

phmedal.gif

medalofhonor.gif

75th Rangers Sgt. Dominick Pilla, who was killed on the convoy rescuing Pfc. Todd Blackburn, the Bronze Star with Valor Device

 75th Rangers Pfc. Richard Kowalewski, who was killed on the Lost Convoy, the Bronze Star with Valor Device

75th Rangers Sgt. Lorenzo Ruiz, who was killed on the Lost Convoy, the Bronze Star with Valor Device

 75th Rangers Sgt. First Class Earl Fillmore, Delta soldier killed moving to the first crash site

 Delta Force Pfc. James Martin, who was killed on the rescue convoy

10th Mountain Division Master Sgt. Tim "Griz" Martin, a Delta soldier killed on the Lost Convoy

 Delta Force Sgt. First Class Matt Rierson, a Delta soldier killed on Oct. 4, 1993 by a mortar round

purpleheart.gif

Malaysian Personnel

Pvt Mat Aznan Awang (posthumously promoted to Sgt) driver of a Malaysian Condor APC hit by a RPG.

Somali Personnel and Civilians

Unknown - Due to lack of record keeping. Often estimated around 1,000 killed, with a few thousand more wounded or missing and presumed dead. There are numerous accounts of local hospitals and clinics completely overwhelmed and flooded with wounded and dead for weeks after the battle had ended. But due to the almost complete lack of any official tally or records, the numbers will almost certainly remain unknown.

starturn.gif

starturn.gif

redwhitebluestarbar.gif

flg_pow.gif